The mancala games are a family of two-player turn-based strategy board games played with small stones, beans, or seeds and rows of holes or pits in the earth, a board or other playing surface. The objective is usually to capture all or some set of the opponent's pieces. The name Mancala is a classification or type of game, rather than any specific game. Some of the most popular mancala games are
Ayoayo - played by the Yoruba people in Nigeria; similar to Oware Alemungula or gebeta - played in Sudan and Ethiopia. Ali Guli Mane or Pallanguzhi – played in Southern India. Bao la Kiswahili – played in most of East Africa including Kenya, Tanzania, Comoros, Malawi, as well as some areas of DR Congo and Burundi. Congklak (a.k.a congkak, congka, tjongklak, jongklak) – played in Malay Archipelago by Malay Dakon (or dhakon) – played in Indonesian archipelago esp in Java island. Gebeta (Tigrigna ) – Ethiopian and Eritrea (especially in Tigrai). Hoyito – played in the Dominican Republic. Igisoro - played in Rwanda. Kalah – North American variation, the most popular variant in the Western world. Lamlameta – played in Ethiopia. Ô ăn quan - played in Vietnam. Ohvalhugondi - played in the Maldives Omanu Guntalu (in Telugu) – played in rural areas of Telangana, India. Opón ayò – among the Yorubas of Nigeria. Oware (awalé, awélé, awari) – Ashanti, but played world-wide with close variants played throughout West Africa Pallanguzhi - played in Tamil Nadu, India Sungka – It was first described by the Jesuit priest Father José Sanchez in his dictionary of the Bisaya language (Cebuano) in 1692 manuscript as kunggit. Father José Sanchez who had arrived on the Philippines in 1643 wrote that at the game was played with seashells on a wooden, boat-like board. The Aklanon people still call the game kunggit. Toguz korgool or Toguz kumalak – played in Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan. Vwela – played by the nyemba (lucazi) people distributed between Southern Angola, Northern East Namibia and Zambia.
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